STREET CHILDREN & ORPHANS:
Street Child is a term for a homeless child residing primarily in the streets of a city (typically in a developing country). The exact definition of a street child is debatable due to the lack of precise categories. The term has largely been used in reference to children who live entirely in the streets, without adult supervision or care. They are often subject to abuse, neglect, exploitation, or, in extreme cases, murder by “clean-up squads” hired by local businesses or police. In Western society, such children are commonly treated as homeless children as opposed to criminals or solicitors.
India is home to 400,000 – 800,000 street children. The Republic of India is the seventh largest and second most populous country in the world. Due to the acceleration in economic growth, an economic rift has appeared between, with 23 percent of the population living below the poverty line.Owing to unemployment, increasing rural-urban migration, attraction of city life and a lack of political will, India now has one of the largest numbers of child laborers in the world.
A case for the consideration of those Adivasi, Rural Areas, Hutment Areas, Slum Areas neglected by Parents or those who lost them at tender age is one of the primary concerns of MFCT.
MFCT cares for them by supplying food and clothing, besides medical support. And in some cases, MFCT has secured their future by putting them in reliable Orphanages, where education is also given besides basic necessities.
In case of middle-aged Orphans, MFCT provides employment opportunities as well, so that so they become self-sufficient.
A Disability may be physical, cognitive, mental, sensory, emotional, developmental or some combination of these. A disability may be present from birth, or occur during a person’s lifetime.
Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. Impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations. Thus disability is a complex phenomenon, reflecting an interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives.
An individual may also qualify as disabled if he/she has had impairment in the past or is seen as disabled based on a personal or group standard or norm. Such impairments may include physical, sensory, and cognitive or developmental disabilities. Mental disorders (also known as psychiatric or psychosocial disability) and various types of disease may also qualify as disabilities.
Some advocates object to describing certain conditions (notably deafness and autism) as “disabilities”, arguing that it is more appropriate to consider them developmental differences that have been unfairly stigmatized by society.
Types of disability:
Disability is caused by impairments to various subsystems of the body – these can be broadly sorted into the following categories.
Main article: Physical disability
Any impairment which limits the physical function of limbs or fine or gross motor ability is a physical disability. Other physical disabilities include impairments which limit other facets of daily living, such as severe sleep apnea.
Further information: Sensory system
Sensory disability is impairment of one of the senses. The term is used primarily to refer to vision and hearing impairment, but other senses can be impaired.
Main article: Visual impairment
Visual impairment (or vision impairment) is vision loss (of a person) to such a degree as to qualify as an additional support need through a significant limitation of visual capability resulting from either disease, trauma, or congenital or degenerative conditions that cannot be corrected by conventional means, such as refractive correction, medication, or surgery. This functional loss of vision is typically defined to manifest with